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 The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar



Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002


   Born in Jaggayapeta of Krishna District, Sivaramakrishna got a Telugu language teacher job in the upper primary school of tribes in Pedagaddada village of Rampachodavaram Mandal in East Godavari District. He joined Osmania University for Doctoral research.  During the field study he realized that tribes are intimidated by various Govt. Depts. and market forces. Instead of joining the academic institutions, he felt, he can help the tribes staying with them in the field.

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Land alienation is important problem in tribal areas of India. In spite of protective and benevolent legislations, regulations, the land in the tribal areas identified as scheduled areas in the Indian Constitution is being occupied/ colonized by the migrating non tribals in to the area.

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SAKTI has been working on over a decade with Chenchu PVTs. The support through IPAP helped to scale up the activities through availing the new opportunities created by the implementation of ROFR, PESA, NREGS etc.

In the year 2002 SAKTI was instrumental in getting the Chenchus enrolled as

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 Nallamala forest in the midst of Andhra Pradesh spread over 10416 .76 sq.kms in 6 districts of A.P. 3568 square kilometers is wildlife sanctuary and also a tiger reserve in this forest. It is inhabited by a PVT (Particularly Vulnerable Tribe) Chenchus, having a population of 70,000. Nallamala is a rocky region supporting moderate forest but rich in wild grass. The forest being a catchment provides ecological security for the dry land parts of

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40% of the Godavari basin is populated by tribals.  The Rampa rebellion (1880) – the Bhumakal in Bastar (1910) – the fituries in Rampa and Gudem(1798 - 1924),  the martyrdom of Komaram Bheem (1942) – the Telangana armed struggle (1948) – the killing of tribals in police firing in Indravelli (1982) – the tribal land right movement in West Godavari and Khammam districts (1995…) are some land marks in the struggles of tribals in the Godavari valley.

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  • When intellectuals Balagopal etc were emerging as spokes persons of human rights, Siva left the university to work for economic rights of tribes and free them from the fear of police, forest, and revenue and market forces (Hitharksha).

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SAKTI in Brief

30 years work of SAKTI

A brief English note on Nallamala Chenchu Prapancham( Chenchu world in Nallamala Forest)

A note on Tribal Land moment in West Godavari and Khammam Districts

Sakti with Chenchus

Siva, one of the few academics working at grass root level