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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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Empowerment of Coastal Fisher Folk

India has a coastline of nearly 8,118km. Its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), stretching over 2.02 million sq. km, covers a wide range of coastal ecosystems such as estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, backwaters, salt marshes, rocky coasts, sandy stretches and coral reefs. Given its long and productive coastline, and in view of the potential for contributing to the economic growth of the nation, the fisheries sector is very important. 

(b) India ranked seventh among large marine capture fish producing nations in the world in 2012, with a catch of over 3.4 million tones, with marine fisher folk population of nearly 4 million dependent upon the ocean’s resources. 

(c)  The States have adopted the marine fishing techniques, besides putting forth regulations for fishing in the territorial waters in terms of fishing vessel licensing, closed seasons (monsoon fishing ban) and certain gear restrictions. 

(d) According to the Census carried out by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) in 2010, mainland India has over (3,200) fishing villages and (1,511) landing centers dotting the coastline. Andhra Pradesh has a long coastline of980 coastline, a continental shelf area of 3100 sq.kms.453 main fishing villages’ and 280 landing centers spread along the coastal districts.  The fishing communities populating these villages are of different types, belonging to a wide range of social groups. They have their own distinct social, cultural governance structures and traditional practices, depending on the type of the coast. The social organization of fishing communities is different from the agrarian community system. The fisher folk’s community institutions (such as caste Panchayats) play an important role in conflict resolution as well as in regulating resource use, both spatially and temporally ensuring equitable access to resources. Besides these traditional institutions, there are also mechanized boat owners’ associations, trade unions, co-operatives, federations, gear based groupings, and self – help groups.

 (e)  Thus, though the de jure control of marine resources is vested in government agencies, de-facto control of resources continues to reside with a number of local groups that manage resources through traditional means. The literate fisher folk also do not know the msl, crz, and the boundaries mentioned in the regulations on the sea/ground. They refer to the sea surface with land marks, depth width fathoms. They are unable to benefit from the advisory services released by scientific institutions. 

(f)   Many scholarly works have been carried out in this field to document and analyze the traditional knowledge systems of fisher folk, but not many studies focused on collecting cognitive knowledge through linguistic and mapping techniques. In traditional knowledge place names/ landmarks indicate type, nature and character of the landmarks. They can be delineated with global positioning systems (GSM), remote-sensed digital imagery to accurately demarcate the boundaries and depth range. The boundaries delineated by digital imagery could be transferred on to a base map and polygons could be coded by image data along with other attributes and finally placed on the GIS maps. The GIS can also be used to perform spatial queries on automated resource date such as determining where natural or cultural resources are located with respect to other resources, impacts and hazard, which would be of use in disaster management in the long run. The knowledge pertaining to the seasonal calendar, disaster management etc., can be organized into Management of Information Systems (MIS). Juxtaposing local knowledge with the scientific knowledge brings the two knowledge systems together. That will allow to identify the strengths in both the systems and to recognize the differences in perceptions and gaps, if any. 

  1. Convergence of Traditional and Scientific Knowledge using GIS.
  2. A Cluster of habitations regulated by Kinship Network 33 Villages in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India.
  3. Cognitive resource map of Pentakota Marine Fisher Folk Village
  4. Villages at Coastral Area_S_I_Map
  5. Pulicat Lake Map
  6. Brief note on Pulicat
  7. Disaster Management
  8. School children preparing DP plan in Bheemanapalli village of East Godavari.
  9. Training the Fisher Folk in Pentakota Village



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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