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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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- Deccan Herald - Sunday Spotlight - May, 18th 1997 R.Akhileswari, Hyderabad.

Payam Gangamma of Busarajupalli village of Buttayagudem mandal was one of the 114 tribals arrested in August last when a violent confrontation took place between tribals and non-tribals near her village. "We will go to jail again and again. We are not afraid any more", she told Sunday Spotlight which toured the troubled mandals recently, after incarceration in Rajahmundry jail the neighboring East Godavari District.

Women who have been in forefront of the struggle have been particularly targeted by the police to demoralise them. They have beaten up, threatened with rape, abused in vile language, dragged out of their huts to be bundled into waiting police vans and dumped in the jail. Tellam Krishnaveni of Patachimalavarigudem was jailed for 22 days for standing up to the police. Police raided her house, took away Rs. 4015/- she had collected as leader of the self-help group of women sponsored by the central government, and beat her up black and blue. Mudiyam Bangaramma of Tatiakulagudem was wearing her sari after a bath when police barged in, dragged her half-dressed and dumped in a police van. In the melee, she cried out for a sari and a girl hearing her screams brought her a sari which she remained for a month in jail. A series of police raids on tribals last month saw several villages empty as the tribals stated in fields and forests to escape the police wrath. Section 144 has been in force in the area for the past 15 months in view of the volatile situations.



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-The Hindu, September 30, 2002

By Our Staff Reporter

ELURU, SEPT.29. In a bid to buy peace with adivasis, non-tribals hae launched a ‘bhoodan movement’ in the agency villages of West Godavari district under the aegis of the police.

The movement seems to have all the trappings of the one promoted by Vinobha Bhave with an objective to bringing about ‘parivartan’ (change) among landlords. Even as the police claim that the movement was evoking good response from both tribals and non-tribals, the revenue authorities are questioning such gesture without going into the legal status of the lands being relinquished by non-tribals.

Meanwhile, the SP undertook a counseling by appealing to both adivasis and non-tribals to wean themselves away from internecine fights for land. In this connection, he offered to lift 66 cases involving nearly 300 people, mostly from the tribals. The nature of cases included attempt to murder, abduction of public servants etc.

Dharbhagudem seemed to have been chosen for counseling by the police for the reason that it was once an epicentre for a bloody land struggle, spearheaded by ‘Shakti’, a non-governmental organisation.



Note on SLP arising out of Judgment
in W.P.No. 18347 of 2000 Dt. 12.12.2000

The Agency Laws in the State of A.P. had a long history. There were separate laws for Andhra Area and Telangana Area respectively. So far as Andhra area is concerned, under section 7 of the Agency Tracts Interest and Lands Transfer Act, 1917. Rules were framed regulating the Transfer of Land in the Agency Tracts of Ganjam. Vizagapatnam and Godavari Districts. The Agency Land in the West Godavari District is governed by the said Rules till a comprehensive legislation called, A.P. Scheduled Areas Land Transfers Regulation. 1959 was enacted. The validity of the said Legislation was upheld in the decision reported in AIR 1988 SC 1626. However, it was held in the decision reported in AIR 1996 SC 224, it was held that the said Legislation, as amended by Regulation 1 of 1970, is prospective in operation.

Under Sub-Section 2(a) of Section 3, Power is given to the Agent/Agency Divisional Officer/or any other prescribed officer to take up suo motu any transfer of immovable property in contravention of the provisions of the Act. Broadly, there are three types of classes of land in Agency Areas of West Godavari District viz., (1) land belonging to the Tribals succeeded by them through their forefathers (2) the land under the erstwhile Estates which were abolished after the Constitution came into force and (3) other lands held by the Government. In all these three types of lands if any transfer takes place in contravention of the provisions of the Act, the other authorities can exercise their suo motu power.

SAKTI, a voluntary organisation is working in the Agency Area of Andhra Pradesh including the are in West Godavari District. During the course of its work, it came to know that this suo motu power exercised by the authorities is helping the non tribals in an indirect manner. For example the authorities take up suo motu proceedings against the non tribals and closing those cases either overlooking the provisions of the Regulation or non application of mind to the facts of the case. The Tribals, due to their ignorance are not filing appeals in respect of tribal lands and the Government due to its lethargy is not following up the cases by filing appeals. It is resulting in the settlement of non tribals in the agency areas contrary to the spirit of the enactments since 1917 and also giving legitimacy to their rights over the land. In order to curb this practice the voluntary organisations filed the above W.P. No. 18347 of 2000 seeking a direction from the Hon’ble High Court to the Government to pursue the cases closed by the Primary Authority who has taken up suo motu proceedings, by filing appeals where genuine reasons exist for pursuing them in appeal and, infact, the organisations volunteered to cooperate with the Government. But it was turned down holding that it is for the persons aggrieved to prefer an appeal or not to do so totally dis-regarding the propose and concept behind the legislations and the Administration or Scheduled areas. The Court merely upheld the general principles applicable to the suo motu proceedings but has not seen the purpose and intent of the legislation.

In this factual background, the above case is recommended for filing Special Leave Petition before the Hon’ble Supreme Court. The papers filed before the Hon’ble High Court of A.P. along with a copy of the Regulations and Order are enclosed herewith.





W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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