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AN ESSENTIAL GUIDE ON THE UTILIZATION OF THE GODAVARI WATERS AND RESOURCES


 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.


"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


  

The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar


SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002

 


RECONSTRUCTING A HISTORY OF LAND,

DISPOSSESSION OF ADIVASI LAND IN THE WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT OF A.P.

Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,

Hyderabad

Read full article


 

Amnesty International - India Legal Appeals
(Index number ASA 20/032 /1997 dated 29-6-97)



Andhra Pradesh: Defenders of rights of tribals under attack
Articles 2(1), 4, 9, 19 and 21 of the ICCPR violated


 

Very often, the victims of human rights violations and harassment by the state are those seeking to end discrimination and to defend the full range of human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights.

In the West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, over 2,000 tribals have reportedly been arrested since 1994. In addition, members of a voluntary organization called SAKTI (Search for Action and Knowledge through Tribal Initiative), have been repeatedly detained and harassed and prevented from carrying out their activities.

The arrests have been made in connection with land disputes in the area where there is a large tribal population. Under the Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulations, 1959 , the transfer of scheduled land from tribal to non-tribal people is forbidden. However, a significant percentage of scheduled land in the district has been occupied by non-tribals for several years. In 1993, the High Court of Andhra Pradesh issued a judgement calling for lands acquired unlawfully by non-tribal people to be restored to tribals. Activists state that the authorities have failed to implement this order and few non-tribal people have been prosecuted under the Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulations, 1959 and dispossessed of unlawfully acquired land.

In the absence of implementation of the regulations, tribal people have attempted to prevent non-tribals from harvesting their crops on the disputed lands -- sometimes forcibly -- and violence has occurred between tribals and non-tribals. Activists claim that false charges have been filed by non-tribal people against tribals in an attempt to harass them and that tribal people have been detained by police at harvest times, to prevent interference with harvesting by non-tribals. Between 5 March and 21 April 1997, over 70 tribals, including 50 women, were arrested by police on charges of damaging crops. They were held for up to 39 days in the Central Jail, Rajamundy, during which time they were denied bail.

SAKTI has attempted to raise awareness amongst tribals of their rights under land regulations legislation and to provide them with legal literacy training so that they can make claims to lands in the district courts. However, activists of SAKTI have faced repeated harassment by the authorities, including the filing of false charges and arrest on charges of trespass or unlawful assembly. In 1996, a case was filed against Dr Sivaramakrishna, Director of SAKTI, accusing him of inciting tribal against non-tribal people in Busarajupali village on 5 August 1996. However, he was in fact in Hyderabad on that day, participating in a workshop being conducted by the government Tribal Welfare Department.

Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure has been invoked in the area since February 1997. This provision effectively prohibits the holding of meetings and has meant that tribals and activists can be arrested for holding an "unlawful assembly" which is designated as a gathering of five or more persons. Activists have pointed out that promulgation of this order prevents tribals from carrying out traditional activities, such as food-gathering in groups, as well as carrying out peaceful group protests.

On 9 February 1997, Sarada Devi (wife of Dr Sivaramakrishna) and two other activists -- Pabbisetty Balakrishna and Tellam Venkateswara Rao -- went to Busaraju Palli Village (where section 144 was in force) to conduct a meeting. It was subsequently alleged that the SAKTI activists encouraged the tribal people to destroy the crops of non-tribal people if they refused to pay an amount of Rs.2,000 per acre. The police filed a case on the basis of a complaint of a non-tribal villager.

   

 

W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.

 

The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502

 

Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.

 

"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."

 

 

A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 

        

INDIRA SAGAR (POLAVARAM) CENTRAL EMPOWERED COMMITTEE ORDER

if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;

FORESTS ARE RESERVOIRS OF WATER AND LUNGS OF OUR ENVIRONMENTS.

SAVE THEM FROM MINING AND DESTRUCTION.

Click here to Bauxite Case: Read full article.