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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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The Hindu August 20, 1999 . 

By Our Staff Reporter. 

Sattupalli (Khammam DT), Aug 19 

As the election draws closer, trouble from the tribals appears tangible for the Minister for Major irrigation, Mr. Tummala Nageswara Rao. The TDP will be denominating him from Sattupalli, an assembly constituency which has been the centre stage for the tribal, non-tribal face-off for the past.

The Minister perceives no serious threat from the rival Congress -1 which is yet to announce its candidate. But it is not the same with the tribals who nursed hostile relationship with the well to of non-tribals farmers identified with him and his party. Though he made all efforts to restore normal relations between the two sides, it made no positive impact on the tribals. 

The minister who has just started his election campaign is yet to gauge the mood of the tribal voters. They have been silenced by steeping up the presence of the slaw enforcing agencies in the district. But their villages remained as sensitive as ever and they are prone to fresh flare-ups even with slightest provocation. The Sattupalli assembly constituency accounts for the highest number of 24 hyper sensitive villages in the district.

Neither 'Sakti', an organisation which, mobilized tribals against non-tribals enjoying the government land nor the CPI(M)which sought to cash in on the situation to settle political scores with the district minister were now in control of the tribal agitation. A section of the tribals have come under the fold of the 'Tudem Debba,' a tribal organization. Some leaders are in touch with both the Telugu Desam and the Congress-1. 

Tribal leader to contest

But a majority of the tribals are away from the influence of all political parties. The real problem is posed by a core group led by Mr. Soyam Chandrasekhar of Kothuru village. Ever since the police raided the village resulting in arrest of Mr. Chandrasekhar, there was a lull in the activity, Mr. Chandrasekhar, who sounds unreasonable in his arguments, was the only tribal leader who remained unyielding who in the agitation.

He is planning to enter the fray against the district Minister. He has obviously no political ambitions, but he wants to highlight from Sattupalli. He is hopeful of being supported by the entire tribal community in the two mandals if Aswaraopet and Dammapet.

By virtue of being a candidate, Mr. Chandrasekhar hopes to gain access to tribal villages to campaign against the ruling party candidate. "We include the wrath of police for attempting to prevent cultivation in such disputed lands. No political party

had to come to our rescue. There was no need for the tribes to vote for any political, party". He says. 

The district administration had taken possession off over 3500 acres of land in the illegal occupation of the non-tribal farmers and distributed to the landless tribals. .

Mr. Chandrasekhar is one of the beneficiaries. But he did not give up the cause. A few of the tribal youths who initially spearheaded the land issue as the volunteers of Sakti were rehabilitee under the self-employment schemes. They were given loan assistance for purchase of ambulance vehicles which were engaged by administration for the tribal hospitals. Such beneficiaries have been have lost the hold on the tribals fighting for land. Though they have been supporting the minister indirectly, they were mot in a position to campaign openly for the TDP as it would cost the sympathies if the tribals they had enjoyed.

The attitude of the tribals is no way different towards the Telugu Desam almost on every village in the constituency, including Gandugulapalli, the native village if the Minister, Mr. Tummala Nageswara Rao. The minister was instrumental in providing them all the basic amenities, Every four to five tribal houses were covered by one public tap.

But the tribals felt offended as the control system for the water supply was retained by non-tribal . Some of the taps were not getting water because of inadequate pressure. 

A resident of the tribal colony, Mr. Bandaru Venkateswar Rao, says that the tribal community was undecided as to whom to vote for. Most of the residents are firm on questioning the Minister for their votes, he said. A majority of the families were provided and at the rate of one acre each. But some families were tilling the land without the documents in their favour. Farmers have been staking claim for the land this distributed to some of the land less families, he said. 

Non-tribals plea

The non-tribals farmers who had lost the land in the process of alienation and reallotment to the tribals are unhappy. They were maintaining a deceptive silence. Mr. Ankat Gopala Rao, who claims to be the first TDP worker if Malkaram, one of t he villages said that most of the farmers have the heartburn as the land developed so well were taken over from them and distributed to the tribals. 

About 150 acres of land was distributes un the village dominated by non-tribals families of perika community. Whether to vote for the TDP or not would be the decision of the village head, Mr. Ankat Pullaiah, who also lost about 11 acres of fertile land. Another farmer, Mr. Nallapu Mallikarjun said that the Minister had done his best to settle the land issue amicably and restore normality in the scheduled area villages. He said the Minister was successful in avoiding bloodshed in trouble torn villages.






W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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