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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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The Hindu April 4, 1998

By Our Staff Reporter 

DAMMAPET (Khammam dist), April 10. 

The scheduled area land problem, which shattered the calm in Dammapet and Aswaraopet revenue mandals of Khammam district, has become an issue on the agenda of the left wing extremist groups, some of whom have taken up a village-wise study in the area. 

A CPI (ML Jnanashakti) dalam, which has been operation from the neighbouring areas in West Godavari , has made a preliminary survey of certain important cases eluding solution in five3 villages of the two revenue mandals. The dalam met both the Tribals and the non-tribal leaders after taking stock of the conditions which created a divide between the two. 

The scheduled area land problem is very much on the agenda of the People's War Group in the district. Large tracts of agricultural land, including some benami holdings of some non-tribal leaders have been left fallow for years together in Pinapaka area of Manuguru sub-division. The law enforcing agencies. As well as the official machinery handling the land related cases, are apprehensive of the interference of the PWG in eh Sathupally area. 

The Tudum Bebba, which was involved in mobilizing the Tribals against illegal occupation of their lands, has leaders enjoying the support of not only the ruling Telugu Desam but also the People's war Group. Eh land struggles waged by the Tribals were so far spearheaded by Sakti, a voluntary organisation which has its volunteers work at he village level surveying the disputed lands and educating the tribes at the receiving end. 

The CPI(M), an electoral ally of the ruling Telugu Desam till recently, which was equally active on the tribal side in certain pockets of the area, was viewed as a deterrent for the extremists groups, particularly the PWG. Though the polices preferred the CPI (M) line of action on the land related issues to the extremist groups, the TDP leadership is distrustful of the CPI (M), which is looked upon as a source of immediate threat as it has been trying to consolidate its political base in the area, cashing in on the land issue. 

The Minister for Major Irrigation, Mr. T. Nageswara Rao, who represents the Sathupally. Assembly constituency has convened a meeting of officials' to discuss the land problem. He wanted the officials to expedite the survey process and solve the problem without further delay. The district police also sought to play a positive role two sides. The Superintendent of Police, Mr. P.S.R. Anjeneyulu, arranged a meeting of tribal activists with the Minister in Hyderabad recently. 

They apprised the Minister of the actual situation in the villages besides furnishing the details of land under illegal occupation of the non-Tribals in different survey numbers. Those who met the Minster include the volunteers of Sakti. 

Two-pronged strategy 

In the meantime, the district administration had come out with a two-pronged strategy to deal with the land problem in Dammapet and Aswaraopet mandals. The Joint Collector, Mr. Md. Rafat Ali, said the land cases were of two types - simple occupation of Government land by the non-tribes and occupation with the support of titles acquired by questionable methods. 

He explained that the cases, wherein the land was acquired with titles obtained through questionable means, were still open to challenge. An officer of Deputy Tahasildar rank was appointed to collect all information pertaining to the land and prepare a self-explanatory note in each case. All such cases were being referred to the Legal Cell constituted in the ITDA so as to file an appeal. 

Mr. Ali questioned as to how a person who migrated from Tadepalligudem to the district in 1962 could become a pattadar of land before the tribal laws came into force. Similarly, at Akinapalli village, about 150 acres figured all of a sudden in the possession of the village Patwari even though it was stated to be Government land previously. He explained that 12 surveyors have been engaged in four revenue mandals in the Sathupally area about 800 acres was surveyed and of it 225 acres identified to be under the illegal occupation of the non-tribes in Dammapet area. In some places the non-Tribals farmers were voluntarily surrendering land. Eh farmers having the largest holdings were listed out to take over the lands in their illegal possession immediately. So far as the distribution of Landis concerned, the assignment committees comprising the revenue divisional officer, mandal revenue officers and the MLAs were suggested to prepare th proposals by identifying the landless Tribals. In some villages, eh pattas were already issued to Tribals without taking the actual extent of land available. He district administration would not mind the Tribals taking advance possession of land pending the formalities if they were deprive of their means of livelihood elsewhere, he said.






W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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