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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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By our staff Reporter

The Hindu, October 26, 1998 

DAMMAPET (Khammam Dt). 25 :

Tension is building up in the scheduled area villages of Dammapet and Aswaraopet mandals with tribal groups visiting the fields once again, warning farmers against putting up tobacco barns. They resumed the practice of raiding the farms and gardens wherever the crops are turning ripe. With the harvest season approaching, the tribals are Turning hostile to non-tribals farmers.

 A group of tribal activists led by Mr. Soyam Bojji and Mr. Punem Ramesh organized meetings in the habitations around Malkaram village and warned farmers against harvesting the crop in the disputed lands without an amicable settlement. In Pedagolagudem village, a non-tribal leader was asked to pay a penalty of Rs. 1000 for claiming to have bribed the tribals for buying their silence. Another farmer, who was all set for moving to market the crop from the banana plantation this week, was prevented from doing so.

 The tribals, despite differences within their leadership, seem to be acting as per a strategy. They allowed the farmers to make investments as usual in kharif crops raised on both the patta lands and Government lands in their occupation. They extended all cooperation to the officials in identifying the lands in illegal occupation of the farmers. They also helped the officials in identifying the tribal families with zero holdings in the villages for land assignment.

 At the crucial stage, however, the tribal leaders made it clear that they would not settle for anything less than distribution of total land under illegal occupation by the non-tribals. What really spurred the tribal's leaders back into action is a virtual split in the volunteers of the Sakti Organisation working in the district. Mr. Soyam Venkateswarlu. Who has so far led the tribal agitation in the area, is at loggerheads with another group of tribals led by Mr. Punem Ramesh and Mr. Soyam Bojji.

 While mr. Venkateswarlu is close to the ruling Telugu Desam Party, Mr. Punem Ramesh and Mr. Bojji are trying hard to disprove the allegations they are acting at the behest of Congress leaders, particularly the Jalagam group in the district. Mr. Ramesh said he had been in the Congress once upon a time and that at present; he had nothing to do with any political party.

 Resenting the announcement made by Mr. Soyam Venkateswarlu expelling him and his supporters from the Sakti recently, he said he had for the pat one year been working only for be cause of the tribals and would continue to do so in future as well.

 A meeting of supporters of both Mr. Venkateswarlu and Mr. Ramesh held in Rasurupalli village last week witnessed trading of charges. The leaders decided to part ways and concentrate on their respective areas without hampering the interests of the tribal community. Subsequently, both groups stepped up their activities in the villages to assert their importance in their respective areas. They were busy demarcating patta lands and government lands in illegal enjoyment by planting palm twigs.

 Yet another tribal group, which also owed its allegiance to the Sakti, is being headed by Mr. soyam Chandrasekhar of Kotturu village. Mr. Chandrashkhar, who in the very beginning of the agitation incurred the wrath of police in the process of organizing the tribals of the Malkaram area, has been maintaining a distance from all political parties. Mr. Chandrashekhar was given about 4.5 acres as part of the land distribution programme but it did not silence him.

He said the land given by the administration would be enjoyed collectively by landless tribals until the land problem was solved permanently. The Sakti, which has been making all out efforts to reorganize itself in Khammam district is planning to bring him into the forefront of the agitation along with some women leaders.


Meanwhile, the Police and Revenue departments initiated counter-measures to pacify the tribals. The land survey, which almost came to a standstill in certain pockets, was resumed only on Friday and Saturday. A "Praja Darbar" was organized by officials at Maddikonda village of Aswaraopet mandal. The revenue officials read out the land records thus making public, each survey number. They also assured the tribal volunteers to furnish copies of the land records so as involve them in the identification of land for distribution.

 The mandal Revenue Officer, Mr. Kumaraswamy, assured the tribals that the administration would no tspare3 any farmer found to be enjoying Government land illegally. Such cases would be referred to the legal cell constituted by the Integrated Tribal Development Agency for a final settlement by the court. The tribal leaders, Mr. Punem Ramesh and Mr. Bojji, who took part in the meeting, wanted the non-tribal farmers who have purchased lands in the scheduled area villages with the permission of the District Collector before 1970 to prove their legitimate rights over the land by producing the relevant documents in the revenue office.



W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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