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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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By our staff Report 

The Hindu, December 7, 1998 

Khammam Dec 6.

The Revenue department has taken up the ardous task of tracing out from the State Archives records pertaining to the changes effected in the sketch map of Amudalapadu (d) - a deserted village in Dammapet mandal. The alterations made in the village boundary, which took place long before independence have come under question as the land-starved tribals have been staking claim for the holdings in the possession of a few politically influential non-tribal farmers.

 The village was in fact ceased to exist by 1901. About 225 acres of land within the village boundary have changed hands many a tie before the tribal laws came into effect. Even the revenue records also were shifted from place to place any number of times, because of the abolition of samsthans, liquidation of the Nizam State , formation of Khammam district by carving out areas from Warangal and East Godavari districts and introduction of the revenue mandal system.

 The main problem with the records in that many of the survey numbers of the village are counted twice. The land in certain survey numbers is overlapping into the sketch map of the neighboring revenue village Malkaram, which was part of the erstwhile Samsthanam of Palvanch. The destruction of the banana plantation extended over an area of 20 acres by the tribals in the village recently owed mainly to the ambiguity in the records.

 Survey number 535, the tribals claim, had lot of Government land in the illegal occupation of the non-tribals. The status of the land in the various survey numbers of these two villages should be better explained to the tribals to obtain a better solution to the problem in the area. There was about 308 acres of land in survey no, 535. of this 69 acres of land was already distributed to the landless and another 30 acres was taken over from the non-tribal farmers for another round of distribution.

 The Survey number which was the bone of contention between the tribals and non-tribals, might not yield any more land, said a revenue officer. But the tribes were not in a mood to relent. Much of the land is covered with horticulture garden and the value would be much more that that of the lands in the Nagarjunasagar left Canal ayacut. The Revenue Department had identified about 69 acres of land in the survey number being part of the boundaries of both Malkaram and Amudalapadu villages.

 The survey was conducted over a month ago by the local surveyors of the department at the behest of the collector, Mr. A. Giridhar and the Joint Collector, Mr. Mohd, Ali Rafath. As the surveyors found to be interacting more often with the non-tribals, the tribals became skeptical of the exercise. The authorities felt the need to pursue the effort by keeping the personnel at work above suspicion. As a result, the Regional Deputy Director of Land Survey and Settlement came to Malkaram on November 11 for conducting the survey at a higher level.

 As he needed to clarify himself the reasons for the alteration effected in the revenue boundary of Amudalapadu village in 1942, he studied the records thoroughly. He returned again on Friday along with the traverse survey records and maps available from 1901. As per the survey conducted in 1934, there was 225 acres of land within the village boundary of Amudalapadu.

 For some reasons, the calculations made as per the 1934 survey were discarded and new calculations were done in 1942 according to which the total area falling in the village boundary went up to 295 acres.

 The changes came into effect basing on an order (Letter No. 1536/55 of 31 Khurdad 1351 Fasli) issued by the Department of Survey Settlement of the Nizam frantic efforts are on to unearth the order from the Archives. On completion of the survey, the Regional Deputy Director, land survey and Settlement would report the findings to the district administration enabling the Joint Collector to take a decision on the overlapping survey numbers.




W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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