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 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.

"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar

SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002




Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,


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Women and Governance in South Asia

Edited by:

Yasmin Tambiah

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 By Our Staff Reporter

 The Hindu. Dec 16, 1997


 The week long revenue sadassus, planned by the administration to sort out land disputes in the scheduled areas of Khammam district, began on a stormy note with the non-tribal farmers laying slege to the offices of the MRO and MDO at Dammapet on Monday. More than 1000 farmers are protesting in front of the newly constructed office complex, raising slogans against political parties and the non-government Organisation (NGOs) backing the Tribals who are up in arms for the sale of land. Though tension is palpable in the village, the situation is under control.

 Additional forces have been deployed in the mandal centre and the revenue machinery of the Palvancha division has been put on alert. All precautionary measures were taken to protect the Government employees besides public and private properties. The Superintendent of Police, Mr. P.S.R. Anjaneyulu, has issued orders for reopening the police station at Dammapet. The police Station, which was not adequately staffed, has been shifted to Aswaraopet a few months ago as part of the measures initiated in the district to counter the threat of naxalites.

 The protest of the non-Tribals started at 7.30 a.m. as all the farmers. Who reached the village in the early hours, walked to the mandal complex in a procession and locked up both the MRO and MDO offices after forcing the watchmen to leave the place? The mandal revenue officer of Dammapet, Mr. Hiralal, and some of his field staff, were away in neighbouring village to were raided. The protest continued almost peacefully till late in the evening. The police personnel, led by the Aswaraopet circle inspector, Mr. Narsaiah, showed restraint in handling the situation. A series of raids conducted by the Tribals on the farms of some landlords in the area ultimately paved the way for he counter activity of the no-Tribals. About 160 bags of paddy were allegedly lotted by the Tribals of the Rachurupalli area from the farms of Mr. Pannada Lakshminarayana and his three brothers at jammigududem village on Friday list. Though the non-tribal farmers wanted steps for recovery of the paddy, the administration could not take any action against the Tribals.

 The Tribals in turn sought restoration of 192.29 acres in the illegal occupation of non0tribals in the village. Backed by SAKTI, a non-government Organisation, the Tribals forcibly took away 70 bags of paddy from another farmer in Alladivarimakam.

 Similarly, the Tribals looted about 25 bags of paddy in Jaggaram village on December 9 and 60 bags at Malkaram village after two days. They also indulged in harvesting the paddy crop in an area of 6.5 acres at Madepalli of Velairpadu mandal on December 8. Added to this, the revenue department has taken up an exercise of reading out the 'kasra pahani' in the villages by orgainsing the revenue sadassus so as to confirm the legal ownership o the land in each survey number. The exercise was much against the wishes of the farmers who were enjoying land acquired in violation of the scheduled area Regulation 1 of 1970. Immediate amendment to the scheduled area regulation was one of the demands made by the protesters squatting in front of Dammapet MRO office.

 The administration had constituted peace committees in the scheduled areas besides holding meeting with the representatives of Tribals and non-Tribals for an amicable solution to the problem. The peace committee members who had a meeting at Aswaraopet recently agreed to go by the decision of the revenue and the police officials in resolving the land related cases. The authorities also assured the Tribals of steps to provide land to the landless and to restore to the Tribals the lands in the illegal possession of the non-Tribals after conduction a survey of enjoyment, however, the peace process was scuttled by the continued raids of the Tribals on the non-tribal farms.

 The tribal struggle for land which was hither to spearheaded by the SAKTI, is now backed by organizations such as Tudumbebba and AWARE. The CPI (M), which had been fighting for the restoration of the Tribals land and implementation of the Regulation 1 of 1970, is, how ever, operating on its own to organize the Tribals.






W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.


The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502


Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.


"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."



A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 



if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;



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