logo

Requirements

Get Adobe Flash player


AN ESSENTIAL GUIDE ON THE UTILIZATION OF THE GODAVARI WATERS AND RESOURCES


 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.


"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


  

The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar


SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002

 


RECONSTRUCTING A HISTORY OF LAND,

DISPOSSESSION OF ADIVASI LAND IN THE WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT OF A.P.

Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,

Hyderabad

Read full article


 

  • When intellectuals Balagopal etc were emerging as spokes persons of human rights, Siva left the university to work for economic rights of tribes and free them from the fear of police, forest, and revenue and market forces (Hitharksha).
  • When academics  Haragopal, Janardhna Rao etc., joined Universities , Siva was busy in teaching the tribes about the felling rules in forest management, the minimum wages due to them and the land record  to check land alienation and speed up land restoration by mobilizing thousands of tribes who withstood  police  harassment (Opinion of the Committee of Concerned Citizens over the above issue ) by understanding  the procedures to get the  bail  etc and also by taking pro active steps  through invoking prevention of atrocities act against the land grabbers and officials  conniving    with them(Prevention of atrocities).
  • When creative writers, artists Varavararao, Gaddar etc have been writing on tribes, Siva collected tribal folklore, interpreted their knowledge for his doctoral thesis and his work is appraised by anthropologists as a contribution to ‘culture, cognition and knowledge’(Contributed chapters “Evolution of V & VI Schedule” in PG Diploma Course of NIRD) (A.B University Telugu Chapter XI from M. A Telugu Janapada Vignanam)
  • When the power of gun or the benevolence of officials Sankaran etc projected as solutions, Siva proved that the informed strength of community is the way for empowerment.
  • When civil societies with one or two PILs take up advocacy at vertical level, SAKTI with much successful litigation is expanding horizontally in the field instilling confidence among the communities fighting for their rights.
  • Many civil society groups and department of rural and tribal welfare depts. engaged SAKTI for training; their programes are designed to implement govt programmes as the recruitment of staff is freezed by govt at lower levels.
  • When the civil society by and  large , in the name of right based approach demanding for  more  enactments  and allotment of more funds, SAKTI is committed  in the ownership of means of production i.e. land , water , forest  by the communities and associated bottom up  ‘growth’ model  instead of trickle down ‘development’ model “Enabling The Community To Gain Command Over The Administrative Process Is Empowerment -P.Sivaramakrishna”.
  • While academics like Proff. Madhav Gadgil were documenting the “ Impact of industrialization on Uttara Kannada forest” (1989), Sakti inspired by the visit of Sri Chandiprasad butt, began to check the deforestation by educating the tribes on felling rules, filing PILs to stop plywood industry(1987 - 1995), mining(1993) and deforestation through  securing felling orders in private forest(1990). Please see lokayan bulletin (1987) “Fighting for forest”. Sakti is the first to invoke the amendment to FC act (1988) stipulating prior permission of MoEF to fell the natural forest (follow the link).
  • While main stream society has been beating around the bush for the reasons of left wing extremism mistaking governance to politics, Sakti pointed the lapses in governance “Social action”.
  • While the champions of land reforms in administration claiming the credit for their leadership, Sakti forced Govt. to distribute the lands records and take up title verification of encroachers in gramsabha (1997 - 2001).
  • When the implementation of RoFR is boils down to issue of titles to lands under cultivation and house sites, Sakti motivated Chenchu pvt to document their traditional knowledge on forest management and claim for bio - diversity richarea management (see Nallamalalo Chenchu Prapamcahm).
  • When Dr BD Sharma to Balagopal have been praising Samata Judgment,  Sakti found that the Govt. order allowing state instrumentality APMDC is not issued following the procedures laid down in the V – Schedule of the constitution and challenged the order.( Order in WP No. 1571/2006 withholding the agreements with JSWHL and others).
   

 

W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.

 

The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502

 

Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.

 

"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."

 

 

A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 

        

INDIRA SAGAR (POLAVARAM) CENTRAL EMPOWERED COMMITTEE ORDER

if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;

FORESTS ARE RESERVOIRS OF WATER AND LUNGS OF OUR ENVIRONMENTS.

SAVE THEM FROM MINING AND DESTRUCTION.

Click here to Bauxite Case: Read full article.

TRIBAL UNREST IN W GODAVARI

TRIBAL UNREST IN W GODAVARI FACT, FICTION AND FIRST INFORMATION REPORTS The non - tribal farmers’ associatation has been emboldened to complain that if the police had been stern from the begininning, things would not have come to such a pass. Let us remind ourselves that the tribal unrest of West Godavari is being led, not by the Naxalites or any violent group but by an entirely law abiding voluntary organisation ‘Sakti’. Can one hope that sense will prevail some-where in the official hierarchy concerned with the welfare of tribals and the tribal unrest will be met with justice and not further threats of ‘stren’ action and police cases? K.Balagopal (The author is general secretary of Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee) - Deccan Chronicle, Monday, May 5, 1997.

Reply letter to the National Human Rights Commission - S.R.Sankaran

"It is unfortunate that this matter has been dealt with an issue concerning Police alone. The very fact that there have been such a large number of 118 cases booked, all apparently all against 2175 tribals shows that there is some thing wrong about approach of teh Government and its agencies"

Requested to prepare the district wise (ITDAs) Traditional and Customary Boundary map

“Dr.P.Sivaramakrishna, Director Sakti, is requested to prepare the district wise (ITDAs) Traditional and Customary Boundary map (Resource map) in consultation with the elders of the habitats and traditional sages such as religious places,burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, bio diversity etc. and also Primitive Tribal Groups tenures for conferring rights under RoFR Act, 2006.” -- Smt. A.Santhi Kumari IAS, Commissioner, Tribal Welfare Dept.

Smt. K.Chayaratan,IAS, Commissioner, Tribal Welfare Dept.

“In WP NO.3734/93, Sakti Vs State of A.P. a division bench of A.P. High Court held that person includes Government. AP Forest Development corporation Limited. Which is an undertaking of Govt. of AP also constitutes a ‘person’. The right to collect cashew fruit from cashew plantaions situated in Naramvadi gudem vill. of Ashwarao pet Mandal in Khamma Dist. is null and void.” To, District Colelctor. Khammam Dist. GO.RT.No. 523, Dt: 01/12/1999,formation of cooperative of Tribals for sale of cashew fruit.

Vinod K Agarwal, IAS Commissioner, Tribal Welfare Dept.

“it has been represented to me that the checnhu tribals have been prevented from dropping fish seed in Rasul Cheruvu situated in the Scheduled area of your district by one fisherman Cooperative Society of Kondanagula. I request you to please get the matter looked into immediately and restore the right to the tribal over the said Rasul Cheruvu.” To, Sri. K.Madhusudhana Rao IAS District Colelctor. MBNR Dist. Copy to: P.Sivaramakrishna, SAKTI

ITDA official asked to pay wages

Horticltural officer of ITDA has been directed to pay the wages to his employees for having failed to discharge legitimate obligation under Minimum Wages Act. The matter was finally disposed off recently directing the officer to pay Rs. 1,25,775/- on which half of the amount as compensation for the delayed payments. They were being paid Rs. 19 instead of Rs. 26 by the time of filling petition in 1992. While the wage board ordered to pay Rs. 39 the horticultural officers of different farms in the agency area of East Godavari district were paying of Rs. 26. only. - Indian Express - November 24, 1995.

Issue of Cane wood to the Tribal beneficiaries

The forest range officer is directed to give necessary instructions to the section officers and forest guard to guide the beneficiaries in cutting and transporting the cane. - Dist. Forest Officer, Kakinada. (Memo.No. Rc.No.18945/85.L)

Forest working plan East godavari Dist. 1995 - 2005

50% of mango trees occupy the total no.of trees in kota Range and 30% in Pullangi range. Since there was an agitation from the tribals against the felling of mango trees, the department has decided to restrict the felling to 2.5 to 3 cum on an average in Kota range and 3 trees per hectare and around 4 cum per hectare on an average in Pullangi range, as against the above figures. The supply of wood to the factory was totally stopped by the High court of Andhra Praadesh as the felling orders issued by the state government are not obtained with prior permission of Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India.

Studies & Reports

"The efforts of radical organizations and political parties have failed, whereas the effort of an N.G.O. has succeeded with more potential."
"Resources Must be Shared"

"Chandi Prasad Bhatt visit inspired me to take a different course of action, litigation to check the deforestration, since the hold of Naxalites [Maoist revolutionaries] is intense in these areas and they are also part of the nexus."

"The struggle will continue

not for the land,

but for the titles."

Partner sites

SAKTI in Brief

30 years work of SAKTI

A brief English note on Nallamala Chenchu Prapancham( Chenchu world in Nallamala Forest)

A note on Tribal Land moment in West Godavari and Khammam Districts

Sakti with Chenchus

Siva, one of the few academics working at grass root level

GOVERNANCE AND REBELLIONS IN TRIBAL AREAS OF ANDHRA PRADESH

 

 V & VI Schedules of Constitution