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AN ESSENTIAL GUIDE ON THE UTILIZATION OF THE GODAVARI WATERS AND RESOURCES


 The RoFR act recognizes the dwelling site, religious places, burial grounds, village council sites along with places of MFP, water resources, biodiverisity etc and also PVT tenures. As the implementation boils down to title deeds for house sites and lands under cultivation, SAKTI engaged the Chenchu youth to document their traditional knowledge in their idiom and dialect, in encouraging them to assert as inborn foresters, capable of managing these resources as envisaged in the Act.


"Since SAKTI activities are mostly issue based and covering a large area, here we concentrate on the forest-related programmes of SAKTI for the present study."


  

The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

-Arun Kumar


SAKTI: Review Report by: Mukta Srivastava, Programme Officer, Oxfam GB in India - Hyderabad . DATE : 20-25 November 2002

 


RECONSTRUCTING A HISTORY OF LAND,

DISPOSSESSION OF ADIVASI LAND IN THE WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT OF A.P.

Bhukya Bhangya

Asst. Professor of History

Nizam College,

Osmania University,

Hyderabad

Read full article


 

The Indian Express, May 27, 1999

The land legislations in the agency area have closely followed the revolts and up rises of the tribals. The Rampa..oellion in East and West Godavari was followed by the Agency Tracts Interest and Land Transfer Act of 1917. Under this is a tribal can alienate his/ her land to a non-tribal only after training the written permission of the Agent of the government. (The District Collector is the government's agent). The Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulation of 1959 was the first regulation after Indian Independence. Under this regulation, no tribal can alienate his/her land to a non-tribal, while transfer of lands between non-tribals is permitted. This was further amended by the Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulation of 1970, known as Regulation 1 of 1970. With this amendment a presumption was created that all the lands of the scheduled areas belong to tribals unless proved otherwise. The burden of prove lives on the non-tribal who has to prove that the land does not belong to be noted that this amendment was a fallout of the Srikakulam movement in 1968. In a the same year saw at another regulation called the Andhra Pradesh (Scheduled Areas ryotwari settlement) regulations 1970 also known as regulation II of 1970. This law dealt with the villages in the erstwhile estates which were abolished in 1948 and taken over by the government. The regulation made it mandatory for a non-tribal to prove his legal and uninterrupted possession for at least eight years prior to the abolition of the estate. In the 1978, to further safeguard the rights of the tribals a penal provision was attached to the regulation I of 1970 which provided a penalty of imprisonment for one year of persons violating the land transfer regulations.

Following a writ petition, the AP High Court allowed the tribals, including women, to take part in the land survey.

With these statutory provisions an assumption is created that the land of tribals is protected from encroachment by non-tribals. But, what has been happening at the ground level seems to be different. The special duty collectors attached to the Tribal Welfare Department are entrusted with the duty of inquiring in to the claims of the tribals. Very often the tribals do not have any documentary proof possession or title. Their ownership of land is only in terms of an oral tradition. So, even in the few instances where their claim is acknowledged and land is granted, the non-tribals use legal means to delay and frustrate the process of a land transfer to the tribals. The process can drag on for years together.

The state responds to the problem only in ad hoc ways. Whenever there is an uprising, either fresh laws are passed or new committees are formed to deal with the issue. Thus, when the situation became tense in 1997 in this area, a meeting was convened involving officials of the revenue, social welfare and tribal departments. This meeting is significant since a member of an organization called Sakthi which has been involved in struggles of tribals, was also invited. The meeting resulted in a fresh batch of guidelines to resolve the land issue between the tribals and non-tribals.

The guidelines include the participation of tribals in the verification process of the land surveys.

But, none of the guidelines were followed in the verification process that was carried out in a few villages. The tribals were not allowed to be part of the process. A writ petition was filled on this ground in the AP High Court which was allowed to take part in the survey.

Despite the promises that verification process will be completed on a war footing no steps were taken in that direction and there is no move to create an atmosphere of trust.

(concluded)

VASUDHA N

The author is a practicing

Advocate based at Hyderabad .

   

 

W.P. No. 5515/87 M.P.No.7398/87 Date:May 1987

W.P. No. 6175/87 M.P.No.8273/87 Date:May 1987

 "Managing Director Godavari plywoods ltd. Rampachodavaram E.G.Dt. be and hereby is directed not to cut any mango trees, jamun and jack trees and cutting the forests of Maredumilli mandal, E.G.Dt."

 Only matured or dying trees were to be felled. Jeelugu (Caryota urens) palm, trees yielding minor forest produce like tamarind or cane brakes, creepers were not to be touched. A gap of 20 meters from a stream.)         --Times of India, April 30, 1991.

 

The candidate has chosen a topical subject, very relevant to our thinking on culture, cognition and language. He has red widely and is familiar with the literature that matters. His linguistic and anthropological reasoning is sound. His language is clear and simple.

...evidence of the investigator's ability as a linguist by special training and as a linguistic anthropologist by self - cultivated interest.

Prof. A.Munirathnam Reddy, Head, Department of Social Anthropology,S.V.University, Tirupati - 517502

 

Enabling the Community to Gain Command Over the Administrative Process is Empowerment.

 

"Today the development is manaement without governance and governanace is without proper participation."

 

 

A.P.Cabinet Sub - Committee Report on Left Wing Extrremists. - P.Sivaramakrishna.

The only information the government or media always compile carefully is on Naxalite encounters, never the violations of the instruments of rule of law such as minimum wages, fifth schedule, mismanagement of forests, equity in the distribution of welfare benefits, displacement, fragmentation of Socio-economic entities etc. 

        

INDIRA SAGAR (POLAVARAM) CENTRAL EMPOWERED COMMITTEE ORDER

if the R & R is found to be lagging with reference to the fixed bench marks, the construction should accordingly be deferred / stopped;

FORESTS ARE RESERVOIRS OF WATER AND LUNGS OF OUR ENVIRONMENTS.

SAVE THEM FROM MINING AND DESTRUCTION.

Click here to Bauxite Case: Read full article.